Weber Sociology & Anthropology

July 2020, Vol.8 (1), ISSN:2449-1632

© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Analysis of The Refugee Institute in Brazil

Carla Patrícia FINATTO¹ & Reisson Ronsoni DOS REIS²

1Graduada enDerechoen la CESUSC, especialista enDerechos Humanos en la Universidade Pablo de Olavide y enDerecho Internacional Aplicado en laEscola Brasileira de Direito.

2Graduado en Derecho en la ULBRA, especialista en Derecho Militar en la UNICAM, y en Derecho Administrativo, en Derecho Constitucional y en Derecho Civil en la Facultad Dom Alberto, y alumno de maestría en Derecho de las Relaciones Internacionales y de Integración en América Latina en la Universidad de la Empresa.

Accepted 26th July, 2020; Available Online 29th July, 2020.


Refuge is a theme as old as mankind. For many reasons as religious, politics and cultural, millions of people already had and still have to leave their countries and to look for protection in other. Spite of this, only post- cold war the issue of refugees became most prominent in the international scenario. The end of the First World War, The Russian Revolution, and the downfall of the Ottoman Empire placed the world into massive movements of people. Later, with the World War II, the refugee problem has taken proportions never seen before: tens of millions people seeking to escape of the Nazi expansionist delirium, asked for protection in other countries. Given the increasing number of refugees was established a subsidiary organ within the UN to protect this group: The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). It was also established the main international instrument for refugees: The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Brazil was inserted in this context of protection for the refugees, but his performance stood out only after political democratization. In 1997 it was elaborated a national legislation for the refugees, it brought a refugee definition considered advanced, the create Committee National for Refugees (CONARE), and also the solidarity resettlement program as a durable solution for refugees.

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