Weber Psychiatry & Psychology

January 2018, Vol. 4 (1), ISSN:2449-1616

© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Influence of Anxiety over Emotional Intelligence in Primary School

Federico Pulido Acosta1  &  Francisco Herrera Clavero2

1,2  Dept. of Evolutionary Psychology and Education,
Faculty of Education and Humanities, University of Granada.


Accepted 12th January, 2018; Available Online 15th January, 2018.


Emotions should not be ignored and it is fundamental in life to know how to react appropriately to them. This reality, which has traditionally been considered as an element that could make people weaker, becomes a very important weapon with which to face life successfully. For this reason, this work has as main objective to analyze the types and levels of Anxiety and Emotional Intelligence, according to age, gender, culture and socioeconomic and cultural, as well as the relationships that could be given between both variables. To make it possible we focused on 764 participants from seven educational centers; 74.2% of the total were Muslims and 25.8% belonged to the Christian religion, 53.2% were male and 46.8% female. The techniques used in this survey were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC, Spielberger, 2001) as well as an Emotional Intelligence questionnaire, built for its use. The results reflect low levels in Anxiety and medium-high levels in Emotional Intelligence. Anxiety and Emotional Intelligence are influenced in a very different way by the sociodemographic factors of age, gender, culture and socioeconomic and cultural. There is also statistically significant relationship between Anxiety and Emotional Intelligence. This relationship was inversely proportional.

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