Weber Psychiatry & Psychology

August 2017, Vol. 3 (1), ISSN:2449-1616

© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Crack Use by Children of Mothers Who Use Drug: A Systematic Review

Bárbara Borges D'Angelo1,  Ana Carolina Barreto 2, Ana Clara de Moraes Bittencourt3, Camila de Oliveira4,
Caroline Siriano Bonagura5 & Nathan Mendes Souza6

1,2,3,4,5 Medical Student, Medical School of UNIFENAS-BH, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
6 Work advisor, Professor of Medical School of UNIFENAS-BH, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Accepted 30th October, 2017; Available Online 31th October, 2017.


Objective: To review the published scientific knowledge about the use of crack by children of mothers who use crack. Methods: Systematic review carried out in the databases of the VHL Portal, SciELO, Science Direct, CAPES Periódicos Portal and Google Academic to find articles coming from the references of those already included. The studies were evaluated using recognized methodological tools. Results: It was found as a direct risk factor for the use of crack by children of dependent family and social influence. In addition, other risk factors were also considered such as prenatal exposure and heritability of addictions. However, protective factors were also addressed, such as information availability, protective family structure, social disapproval of drug use, family interest in the child and adolescent's life, and socio-educational activities. Conclusion: There was no substantial relationship between the use of crack during pregnancy by mothers using crack and the future use of their children. However, it was found that postnatal exposure, through family and social influence, is the main risk factor for drug use and abuse, specifically crack, especially if there is intimate coexistence with a familiar user.

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