Weber Medicine & Clinical Case Reports


December 2017, Vol. 3 (2), ISSN:2449-1624

© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Prevalence of Chronic Complications Due to Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in a Family Medicine Unit in León Guanajuato

Dr. Efrén René Nieves Ruiz 1 , Dr. Miguel Orlando Cueto Aguilar 2  &  Lourdes Zapata García 3

1 Coordinador en Educación e Investigación en Salud.
Adscripción: Unidad de Medicina Familiar No. 56, Boulevard Cereza 1005,
Las Mandarinas, 37419 León, Guanajuato, Mexico.


2,3 Especialista en medicina Familiar.
Adscripción: Unidad de Medicina Familiar No. 56, Boulevard Cereza 1005,
Las Mandarinas, 37419 León, Guanajuato, Mexico.

Accepted 6th December, 2017; Available Online 11th December, 2017.


Abstract:

Title: Prevalence of chronic complications by type 2 diabetes mellitus in a family medicine unit in León, Guanajuato. Objective: To determine the prevalence of chronic complications by type 2 diabetes mellitus in a family medicine unit in León, Guanajuato. Methods: A simple retrospective cross-sectional study including 153 eligible patients diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus assigned to the FMU 56 of the Guanajuato delegation who came to control with their family doctor in the period from January to July, 2017; age, sex, overweight and obesity, comorbidities, glycemic control parameters and complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy and diabetic foot were identified by means of an electronic file. For the analysis of the results, descriptive statistics were used, presenting the results in tables and graphs of frequency. Results:The electronic records of 153 patients who came to control with the family doctor from January to July of 2017 were checked, with an average age of 60 years and a predominance in the female gender with 56.86%. Regarding the associated comorbidity, 65% of the diabetic patients had Systemic Arterial Hypertension and overweight-obesity in 80%. Of these, 59% had poor glycemic control. As for the prevalence of chronic complications, diabetic retinopathy in 33.33%, diabetic neuropathy in 33.98%, nephropathy in 10.45% and diabetic foot in 3.26%. Conclusions: The prevalence of chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in FMU 56 as neuropathy is lower than those reported at national and international level; neuropathy is similar to the national average and nephropathy and diabetic foot is less than the national and international studies.

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