Weber Agricultural Research & Management


October 2018, Vol. 3 (1), ISSN:2449-1640

© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Structural and Functional Factors of Cattle Breeding Dual Purpose of Molinopampa, Amazonas.

Elías Alberto Torres-Armas1,2 & Polito Michael Huayama Sopla3

1 Facultad de Ingeniería Zootecnista, Agronegocios y Biotecnología. Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza,
Av. Higos Hurco s/n Ciudad Universitaria, Chachapoyas, Amazonas, Perú.
2 Escuela de Posgrado de la Universidad Nacional de Trujillo.
Av. Juan Pablo II s/n Ciudad Universitaria, Trujillo, La Libertad, Perú.
3 Facultad de Ingeniería Zootecnista, Agronegocios y Biotecnología. Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza,
Av. Higos Hurco s/n Ciudad Universitaria, Chachapoyas, Amazonas, Perú.


Accepted 27th September, 2018; Available Online 2nd October, 2018.


Abstract:

Livestock in Latin America, Peru provides work for many families and the dual purpose is a traditional system that has organizational structures associated with biodiversity; dynamic, sustainable and competitive, driven by farmers dedicated to increasing their profits. The present investigation aimed to determine the fundamental factors of the structural and functional characteristics of the cattle farms of dual purpose in the district Molinopampa, 38 farms were surveyed, on structural and functional variables, analyzed with factorial technique of multiple correspondences and ascending hierarchical classification. It was found that the farms, according to the structural characteristics, are predominantly extensive with slight mineral supplementation in the feeding and daily manual milking, they keep production records eventually and have inadequate use of their infrastructure; according to the functional characteristics, they have a production from 0.5 to 2,265 lt / ha, sanitary control from intermediate to good, deficient milking management, intermediate administrative management, reproductive management from 16 to 50% of cows in production. Three factors were determined: Pasture management and animal health; productive technology; production of meat and milk; with 3 kinds of livestock: Intermediate management in animal health, management and production; quality of milk; and pasture management and milk production.

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