Weber Agricultural Research & Management


September 2015, Vol. 2 (1), ISSN:2449-1640

© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

Sustainability Production of Bovinae in Mezquital Valley, Hidalgo, Mexico.

Diego Vázquez Aguilar1, Hermenegildo Losada Curstadoy1, Juan Manuel Vargas Romero1, Sergio Soto-Simental2, Armando Zepeda-Bastida2, Deyanira Ojeda-Ramírez2 & Maricela Ayala-Martínez2

1 Departamento de Biología de la Reproducción,
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana,
Mexico.

2 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo,
Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias,
Avenida Universidad s/n km 1. Tulancingo, Hidalgo. C.P. 43600, Mexico.

Accepted 25th September, 2016; Available Online 26th September, 2016.


Abstract:

Surveys were conducted in Bovinae production units (dairy or meat) in seven municipalities of the State of Hidalgo. The "Exponential non-discriminatory snowball" methodology was used to identify units of production. The questions were formulated using the methodology proposed by the framework for evaluation of systems of management incorporating indicators of sustainability (MESMIS), which integrates and analyzes the sustainability in three dimensions. In general, responsible for the bovine production units are the owners, with an age of 50 years old on average, are of the male gender and have devoted to milk production or fattening of steers through the empirical knowledge, learning from the family and based on watching their animals, the home in which they live is own the majority of respondents Agriculture is the main livelihood of which depend on a good number of families and develops own plots and ejidos, the level of education is very low, although most can read and write; on average the lands have a dimension that ranges from 1 to 3 hectares. He accommodation of the animals is da mainly in corrales elaborated by them own producers, which are deficient in materials and lacking of ceiling and floor; and in some cases not have with them conditions favourable carry to out the processes of production. The main breeds that are used for the production of milk are spigots of Holstein and Jersey. For cycles of fattening the animals used are spigots of the races Charoláis and Swiss from local markets and in some cases from other States, they also have the production of sheep and goats. The main activities reported, the production of milk for sale, is but also includes consumption and the production of bulls and/or completed calves..

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